Louisiana State Map, History, Population, Facts, Capitol, Flag

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Louisiana was the 18th state in the USA; it became a state on April 30, 1812.

State Abbreviation – LA
State Capital – Baton Rouge
Largest City – New Orleans
Area – 51,843 square miles [Louisiana is the 31st biggest state in the USA]
Population – 4,625,470 (as of 2013) [Louisiana is the 25th most populous state in the USA]
Name for Residents – Louisianans or Louisianians
Major Industries – agriculture (rice, cotton, soybeans), salt production, oil and natural gas, fishing (especially shellfish)

Major Rivers – Mississippi River, Red River, Ouachita River, Atchafalaya River, Sabine River
Major Lakes – Lake Pontchartrain, Lake Maurepas, Toledo Bend Reservoir, Grand Lake, White Lake, Calcasieu Lake, Catahoula Lake
Highest Point – Driskill Mountain – 535 feet (163 m) above sea level
Lowest Point – New Orleans – 8 feet (2.5 m) below sea level
Number of Parishes (Counties) – 64
Bordering States – Arkansas, Mississippi, Texas
Bordering Body of Water – Gulf of Mexico

Origin of the Name Louisiana – Louisiana was named by the French explorer Sieur de La Salle in 1682 to honor King Louis XIV (14) of France.
State Nickname – Sportsman’s Paradise (previously – Pelican State)
State Motto – “Union, Justice, and Confidence ”
State Song – “Give Me Louisiana” and “You Are My Sunshine” 

Louisiana State Symbols and Emblems:

State FlagLouisiana’s official flag was adopted in 1912, one hundred years after Louisiana became a state. The flag has a blue background (symbolizing truth) with a white pelican mother feeding her three chicks in a nest (the pelican is an old symbol of protection – an old legend tells of a mother pelican tearing flesh from herself to feed her young; this pelican represents the state protecting the people and their land). The ribbon reads “Union, Justice, and Confidence.”

Animal Symbols:

State Bird

Eastern Brown Pelican
State Dog

Catahoula Leopard Dog
State Mammal

Louisiana black bear
State Reptile

State Insect

State Crustacean

State Amphibian

Green tree frog
(Hyla cinerea)
State Freshwater Fish

White perch
(also called sac-au-lait and white crappie)
(Pomoxis annularis)

Plant Symbols:

State Flower

Magnolia blossom
(Magnolia grandiflora)

State Wildflower
Louisiana Iris
State Tree

Bald Cypress
(Taxodium distichum)

Earth Symbols:

State Fossi

lPetrified palmwood

State Gemstone

(found in Louisiana gravel)

State Soil


Miscellaneous Symbols:

State Beverage


State Colors

Blue, white and gold

State Musical Instrument

Diatonic accordion
(commonly known as the “Cajun” accordion)

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