Kansas State Map, History, Population, Facts, Capitol, Flag

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Kansas was the 34th state in the USA; it became a state on January 29, 1861.

State Abbreviation – KS
State Capital – Topeka
Largest City – Wichita
Area – 82,282 square miles [Kansas is the 15th biggest state in the USA]
Population – 2,893,957 (as of 2013) [Kansas is the 34th most populous state in the USA]
Name for Residents – Kansans
Major Industries – agriculture (wheat and other grains), aircraft manufacturing, automobile manufacturing

Major Rivers – Kansas River, Republican River, Smoky Hill River, Arkansas River, Missouri River
Major Lakes – Tuttle Creek Reservoir, Cheney Reservoir, Waconda Lake
Highest Point – Mt. Sunflower – 4,039 feet (1,231 m) above sea level
Lowest Point – Verdigris River – 680 feet (270 m) above sea level
Number of Counties – 105
Bordering States – Colorado, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma

Origin of the Name Kansas – Kansas was named for Konza (also called Kansa or Kaw) Indians who lived in the area.
State Nickname – Sunflower State
State Motto – “Ad astra per aspera” – To the stars through difficulties
State Song – Home on the Range

Dinosaur Fossils Found in Kansas – Claosaurus, Hierosaurus, Nodosaurus, Silvisaurus 

Kansas State Symbols and Emblems:

State FlagKansas’ official flag was adopted in 1927. The flag has a blue field, the word “KANSAS,” the sunflower (Kansas’ state flower), and the state seal of Kansas. The seal pictures rich Kansas farmland, a farmer plowing, covered wagons, Native Americans hunting bison, a rising sun, a steamboat (representing commerce) on the water (beneath the sun and the mountains), 34 stars (since Kansas was the 34th state in the USA), and the state motto, “AD ASTRA PER ASPERA,” meaning “To the stars through difficulty,” in Latin.

Animal Symbols:

State Bird

Western Meadowlark
(Sturnella neglecta)
State Animal

(Bison bison)
State ReptileOrnate Box Turtle
(Terrapene ornata)
State AmphibianBarred tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum mavortium) State Insect


Plant Symbols:

State Flower
(Helianthus annuus)
State TreeCottonwood
(Populus deltoides)

Earth Symbol:

State SoilHarney series
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